Costa Rica has been identified as the second most exposed country in the world to multiple risks as a function of the total surface area. Therefore, national and local action plans are critical to face the impact of climate change and improve the resilience of the Costa Rica population and to achieve sustainable development.

In this context, the Costa Rican Climate Agenda, includes multiple efforts, bot to mitigate and to adapt to climate change.

When Costa Rica launched its Carbon Neutrality goal to the world, the agricultural sector assumed the commitment to contribute to the world objective, but at the same time to seek and take advantage of opportunities for the country.  For example, in the coffee sector they seek improved competitiveness and support to develop and Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action that will serve as a laboratory for the rest of the agro sector and for the world.

Within this goal, Fundecooperación brought about a partnership with other private and public institutions in Costa Rica, in the 2014 to 2017 period referred to as “Strengthening Competitiveness and Performance of the Coffee Sector in Costa Rica”, which was financed by the Multilateral Investment Fund (MIF) member of the IDB Group. The initial part of the project focused on the coffee sector.  However, in the last year of project execution, actions were extended to other sectors such as livestock farming and family and urban agriculture.

We have joined many public stakeholders such as the Ministry of the Environment and Energy. the Climate Change Department (MINAE – DCC), Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock (MAG), Executive Secretary of the Agricultural Planning Sector (SEPSA ), the Costa Rican Coffee Institute (ICAFE), Corporation to Promote Livestock Farming (CORFOGA) and many others, in addition to the private sector, coffee producers, livestock breeders, etc.

 

 

 

Objective

The main objective for these initiatives is to reduce the damage to the environment caused by agricultural and farming production while increasing the efficiency of small producers and processing plants in Costa Rica, by developing national actions such as NAMA’s. Achieve the adoption of new production technologies and best practices by producers and processing plants, contributing to better quality of life of the families of coffee producers through competitiveness in the coffee sector.

Costa Rica, A Climate Laboratory for the World.

The results of efforts made through projects in recent years can be summarized as the contribution of knowledgeable agriculture with technological tools and techniques and better producers, who are better prepared to face the challenges of the new climate context. In addition to the lessons learned with respect to the new way of working, strengthening

agricultural institutionalist, and breaking traditional schemes in view of technological innovations and converting this process into a climate laboratory for the world.  The project supported strengthening of Coffee NAMA and Livestock NAMA

Coffee NAMA

Created Coffee NAMA  to contribute to GEI mitigation, to carbon capture and retention and generating other ecosystem services (water, biodiversity and soil conservation) It also promotes adding value to efforts to differentiate coffee through:

  • reduction in the use of nitrogenated fertilizers
  • efficient use of water and energy at the coffee processing plant
  • Waste treatment and use and
  • promoting agro-forest system

Livestock NAMA

NAMA Stock Raising was also encouraged in the country, by promoting other rational pasturing options, live fences, improving grasslands, better fertilization, silage plans, agroforestry practices, fodder banks, use of concentrates, grains and legumes and genetic improvement to sustainably reduce emissions.  In addition, they are promoting more resilient livestock and that all of the above, results in marketing segments that recognize these attributes and reward these sector efforts in their buying decisions.

Main Results of Climate Actions

  • The agricultural sector has agendas for climate actions and to prevent risk nationally and regionally.
  • Performed technical and economic assessments of climate measures implemented at the farm.
  • In the case of agro-forest systems, generates ecosystem and financial benefits when they are combined with timber and fruit species.
  • Strengthen the Meteorological Station Network of the Costa Rican Coffee Institute.
  • Held workshops providing information on global warming, risk management and adaptation and production of audiovisual material.
  • At coffee farms, develop research on good fertilization practices and with respect to benefits, systems of the treatment of waste water and management of pulp.
  • Livestock fertilize the land to carry out transformational production practices with low emissions.
  • Contributed to the Unified Information System for livestock NAMA.
  • Supported strengthening of 11 livestock farmer chambers to support implementation of national climate agenda
  • Generated emission indexes to strengthen national metrics on nitrogenated fertilization and coffee pulp waste treatment.
  • Low carbon production chains strengthened on carbon footprint topics, GEI inventories and reduction plans.
  • Development of producer capacities throughout the country on intensive sustainable livestock farming systems.

Summary of Results and Indicators

Summary of Results and Indicators

*Other indicators to include:

  • 2 agricultural chains and 24 producers trained on climate change topics, GEI inventories and low carbon production.
  • GHG inventories and low carbon production.

Related Videos

 

Informational and/or Teaching Materials in the Project